From the March 2007 Idaho Observer:

Democratic-Federal franchise thesis

If one decides to sit down and read the U.S. Constitution and its first 10 amendments called "The Bill of Rights" at about 9 a.m., he will have them completed by 10 a.m. Simple and straighforward, this was the supreme law that united the several sovereign states into a cooperative union; the several states created the federal government and enumerated 18 specific and limited powers to "provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States." But something happened and the federal government has become more powerful than the people and the states respectively who created it. Though researchers investigating this political reversal are often in disagreement over details, they generally agree that the democratic federalization of the original Republican Form of Government has been in process since shortly after the Constitution for the United States of America was ratified in 1787. As we continue to investigate what happened to the American nationals who comprised the sovereign states within which they resided as citizens, it is important that we keep in mind that the reversal has come through the artful use of words. Since our chattel enslavement has been accomplished through these words of art, we should endeavor to understand what they mean.

by Augustus Blackstone

The Declaration of Independence of the united American colonies announced to all mankind that they "are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States" in perpetuity. Thus, they became a Union of free and independent (sovereign) republics.

The United States government, the state governments, the county governments and the local governments, as they are presently constituted, would more accurately be referred to as "the federal corporate franchise styled as "‘(STATE OF________, COUNTY OF__________, etc.)."

"...a Republican Form..."

Article IV, Section 4 of the Constitution for the said Union of free and independent States plainly and unequivocally guarantees "to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government."

It does not guarantee a Democratic Form of government. That was no accident, in terms of original intent. One of the principle attributes of a Republican Form of Government is the strict separation between three delegated powers; the legislative, the executive and the judicial.

Most original State Constitutions expressly mandate the division and strict separation of the three delegated powers. In Oregon, for example, it is under Article III. Those few original State Constitutions which do not expressly identify and mandate separation of the three powers accomplish the same effect by dividing said powers with separate Article numbers for each.

Because of the Article IV, Section 4 guarantee, the admission of each new State to the Union was conditioned on a (State) Constitution "Republican in Form." Because of the Article lV, Section 4 guarantee, the continuing membership of a State in the Union remains conditioned upon a State Constitution "Republican in Form" (three divided powers). Because of the Article IV, Section 4 guarantee, any subsequent Amendment(s) to a State Constitution which alters it to something other than "Republican in Form" requires notification of same to Congress, which (because of Article IV, Section 4) would obligate Congress to either nullify the putative "amendment" or expel that State from the Union.

So far, as research has turned up, the National Archives has all the original State Constitutions on file, but not a single (State Constitution) Amendment has been placed into the official record of The united States of America. It could be legitimately argued that the States have, by means of de facto "amendments" or similar political mechanisms (since their admission), expelled themselves from the Union...because they are demonstrably no longer "Republican in Form."


That our national, state and local governments have been unconstitutionally altered to something other than "Republican in Form" is made more clear by the definition of "democracy" given in Black’s Law Dictionary (4th Edition):

"Democracy. That form of government in which the sovereign power resides in and is exercised by the whole body of free citizens [mob rule]."

Democracy, by definition, necessarily excludes State, local and individual sovereignty (and direct exercise thereof) and suborns the individual natural rights of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness to the political whims of others (public policy).

Evidence that this unconstitutional alteration of our (permanently established) form of government has, in fact, occurred is made evident by the definition of "democratic" given in Black’s 4th:

"Democratic. Of or pertaining to democracy, or to a political party called ‘democratic,’ particularly, in the United States, the Democratic party, which succeeded the Antifederalist, or Republican party."

The term "succeeded’; is, of course the past tense of "succession, " which Black’s 4th defines as:

"Succession. The act or right of legal or official investment with a predecessor’s office, dignity, possession, or functions; also the legal or actual order of so succeeding from that which is or is to be vested or taken...The right by which one set of men may, by succeeding another set, acquire a property in all the goods, movables, and other chattels [animate and/or inanimate property] of a corporation...The power of perpetual [un-natural] succession is one of the peculiar properties of a corporation."

Hostile corporate takeover

Thus, one could loosely say that what passes for "government" today is the result of a hostile corporate take-over, fraudulent and unconstitutional methods notwithstanding.

It is necessary to have an understanding of the foregoing in order to grasp the primary elements of how our original Form of Government was subversively altered and how it sits together and operates today.

We know that the 14th Amendment, upon its alleged ratification by the 39th Congress on July 28, 1868, dramatically altered the relationship between the several states and the federal government. We also suspect that the federal government incorporated under various names such as "The United States" beginning in 1871.

Though a discussion of these events is rich in detail and intrigue, it is beyond the scope of this thesis. It was, however, during this period that a "fourth branch" of government, an "administrative" branch was born. This fourth branch was never part of the original design and its insertion has transformed our Constitutional Republic into what is most accurately described as a dulocracy, which Black’s 4th defines as: "Dulocracy. A government where servants and slaves have so much license and privilege that they domineer."

This fourth (administrative) "branch" of government is oppressive and in direct opposition to the original design because it takes from and mixes powers properly belonging exclusively to the original legislative, executive and judicial departments of government.

The only way for this subversive transformation to work, once inserted at the federal level, was to bring the (up until then) "free and independent" States into the loop. An example of that would be when Oregon, like several other States, "amended" its original Constitution to include the political mechanisms called "initiative" and "referendum," which are demonstrably a mob rule circumvention of the amendment provisions of the original "Republican in Form" Constitution.

The same object was accomplished in other States by alternative political mechanisms.

The most significant example was when Oregon, like several other States, "amended" its Constitution to create and include a fourth department/branch of government called "Administrative" and annexed it to the Executive branch from which it derives police/enforcement powers (that it would not otherwise have).

Government of administrators to domesticate corporate chattels

All codified "laws" (including the United States Code, state revised statutes, etc.) are expressly codified for (public policy) administrative purposes. The Code of Federal Regulations and the state codes of administrative rules/regulations are for administrative purposes. The term "administrative" is defined in Black’s 4th as:

"Administrative. Connotes of or pertains to administration, especially management, as by managing or conducting, directing, or supervising, the execution, application, or conduct of persons (corporate entities, idem sonans or otherwise) or things."

As to what is being "administered," one needs to comprehend the historic meaning of the term "domestic," which is "household servant." With respect to the sovereign authority of the People (in relation to their public officials), the whole original master/servant relationship has been turned on its head. How often does one hear the expression "domestic mail" or "domestic dispute" or "domestic courts" or "domestic purposes" and the like?

The object of this fourth (administrative) "branch" of government is to domesticate the People of these united States of America. General English language dictionaries define the term "domesticate" as:

"Domesticate. 1. To convert to domestic uses. 2. To tame (something that is naturally free). 3. To adapt for cultivation (harvesting) purposes. 4. To accustom to household life. 5. To adjust to domestic (a servant’s) life. (and the most revealing) 6. To take (property) for one’s own use."

The customary political mechanism used to achieve the aforesaid purposes is called "franchise," which Black’s 4th defines as: "Franchise. A special privilege conferred by government [de facto or de jure] on an individual or corporation, and which does not belong to citizens of country generally of common right. In England it is defined to be a royal privilege in the hands of a subject."

In this country a franchise is a privilege or immunity of a public nature, which cannot be legally exercised without legislative grant. To be a corporation (public or private) is a franchise. The various powers conferred on corporations are franchises. The execution of a policy of insurance by an insurance company (Social Security Administration) and the issuing bank notes by incorporated banks (Federal Reserve) , are franchises.

Under the subhead "General and special," Black’s 4th describes franchise as:

"The charter of a corporation is its ‘general’ franchise, while a ‘special’ franchise consists in any rights granted by the public (administrative ‘branch’) to use property for a public (administrative ‘branch’) use but with private profit."

Homeland security is reputed to be a Delaware corporation. Anyone care to guess what its "special" franchises (for private profit) might be?

Thus we arrive at the premise upon which this thesis is based: The United States government, the state governments, the county governments and the local governments, as they are presently constituted, would more accurately be referred to as "the federal (administrative) corporate franchise styled as "(STATE OF________, COUNTY OF_______, etc.)."


The foregoing information has a direct bearing on all the "hot" patriot issues, such as the name game, prisons for profit scam, the Trading With The Enemy Act, IRS/Federal Reserve issues, Article VI oath issues, franchise taxes, property taxes, traffic enforcement, the court systems, the BAR association.

In terms of effectively unraveling the political/administrative mess in which we currently find ourselves, this thesis is not intended to provide specific solutions or answers. It was written to show where to look to find those answers. Make the most of it.

Augustus Blackstone is the author of The Errant Sovereign’s Handbook, The Final Solution on Property Tax and The Sovereign, the System, the Interface (see ad next page).


June 25, 1948

There seems to be a lot of fingers pointing at June 25, 1948, as another significant date in the process of our guaranteed Republican Form of Government being transformed into a complex web of city, county and state administrative districts.

June 25, 1948, is the day that Title 18 of U.S. Code (Crimes and Criminal Procedure) was signed into law by President Truman after Congress allegedly enacted the code into positive law before adjourning Sunday, June 20, 1948.

June 25, 1948, is also the day when Title 28 of U.S. Code (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure) was signed into law after Congress allegedly enacted the code into positive law before adjourning Sunday, June 20, 1948.

At this time several unconnected parties are independentlysecuring and analyzing relevent entries into Congressional Record, the Senate Journal and other pertinent documents. Preliminary indicators are that titles 18 and 28 are not positive law properly enacted by acts of Congress. The implications could be staggering.

(see The IO, Feb. 2007—and stay tuned)

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